crop yield per hectare by country

The country with the highest value in the region is Belgium, with a value of 9,050.70. 4.5-2.4. Definition: Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. If we compare this increase to that of total population (which increased only 136 percent over the same period), we see that global cereal production has increased at a much faster rate than that of population. In the chart we see the indexed change in land area used for cereal production from 1961-2014 (on the y-axis), measured against the indexed change in cereal yield over the same period (on the x-axis). The shade of the country corresponds to the magnitude of the indicator. The simulations were carried out for each STU within a RWS zone. 103. Close. | 100. Country. Data from 1961 onwards is taken from FAOstat; database online here. Maize yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land. 3.9. So some cereal crops are excluded from the data for some countries and included elsewhere, depending on their use. TABLE 1: Biofuel production by country, 2007. As we see, average corn yields in the United States remained relatively flat throughout the 1800s until the 1930s. Colombia's crop yield for soybeans was forecasted to reach 3.58 metric tons per hectare by 2028. The data are collected by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) through annual questionnaires. These crops together cover 65% of the total cultivated area. 56. 1.4. Potato yields have also almost doubled, increasing from just over 20 tonnes in 1960 to more than 40 tonnes per hectare in 2014. 99. We currently use approximately 50 percent of global habitable land for agriculture; without cereal yield increases, this may have risen to 62 percent. Yields of over 20 tons per hectare have been achieved by some growers, even from large plantings, and certain trial plots have yielded the equivalent of about 30 tons per hectare. | Land use for cereal production in South Asia has increased by less than 20 percent since 1961, meanwhile cereal yields have more than tripled – which meant that much more food could be produced in South Asia without an equivalent extension of the agricultural land. Break-even yield (grain only) 8.0 6.8 7.8 6.4 5.6 7.0 6.4 Cost per tonne @ target yields* 124 128 125 128 135 120 133 Net Price (€/Tonne) 170 170 160 160 180 155 155 AID (BPS) = NOT included 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Straw (€/ha) 243 198 300 250 250 248 216 *Crop margins are underlined for the various crop target yields. Limitations and Exceptions: Cereals production data relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. 96. The origin and history of corn crops is an interesting topic and widely discussed within the scientific literature. Overall, this means we use less land per person than we did fifty years ago. 3.6. This process of cross-breeding between open-pollinated varieties, combined with improved breed selection practices is thought to define the key turning point in US corn yields.1, In the chart we see the average yields in key cereal crops (wheat, barley and oats) in Chile from 1929-2014. However, if global average cereal yields were to have remained at their 1961 levels, we see the amount of additional land (in blue) which we would have had to convert to arable land if we were to achieve the same levels of cereal production. 5.7. 134. Africa Latin America and the Caribbean. If distributed equally, cereal production per person has increased despite a growing population. There are likely to be certain regional and seasonal differences in yield within a given country, however, reported average yields still provide a useful indication of changes in productivity over time and geographical region. Potato yields have also almost doubled, increasing from just over 20 tonnes in 1960 to more than 40 tonnes per hectare in 2014. Our World In Data is a project of the Global Change Data Lab, a registered charity in England and Wales (Charity Number 1186433). It is weighted by the commodity prices. 9.5. South Asia. The 10 year increase in yield for this region is 28%. 67. 48. The shade of the country corresponds to the magnitude of the indicator. Our data on agricultural yields across crop types and by country are much more extensive from 1960 onwards. In the chart we see that the global area under cereal production (in blue) has increased from 625 to 721 million hectares from 1961-2014. 115. In 2014, we used 16% more land for cereal production than we did in 1961 (approximately equivalent to double the area of Germany). When citing this entry, please also cite the underlying data sources. 6. TABLE 3: Hypothetical potential for ethanol from principal cereal and sugar crops. The country with the lowest value in the region is Cyprus, with a value of 2,009.10. Since 1960, yields in sugar beet have more than doubled, rising from 30 tonnes to more than than 80 tonnes per hectare. N.B. In the first chart, we have plotted cereal crops (wheat, barley and oats). The cultivation of cereals varies widely in different countries and depends partly upon the development of the economy. Population and Development Review, Volume 38, Issue Supplement s1, pages 221–242, February 2013. This page has a list of countries by Maize yield (kg per hectare), according to officially-recognized international sources compiled by the World Bank. Europe Most Recent Value. Central America & the Caribbean In the 2019/20 crop year, a yield of 5.63 metric tons per hectare was expected for corn crops in Brazil , down by 1.6 percent when compared to the previous crop year. Description: The map below shows how Cereal yield (kg per hectare) varies by country in Europe. The data produced by third parties and made available by Our World in Data is subject to the license terms from the original third-party authors. In 2018, the South American country's yield for this crop was estimated at 3.04 tons per hectare. Yield in Russia is high at 1.45 tonnes per hectare. Menu. 194. This entry can be cited as: Our World in Data is free and accessible for everyone. Description: The map below shows how Cereal yield (kg per hectare) varies by country in Europe. Most European, American (both North and Latin American), Asian and Pacific countries have seen a much larger increase in cereal yields relative to area used for production. The darker the shade, the higher the value. Extremely approximate guideline figures of potential yields of different forms of biofuel per hectare per annum. 3.3-0.1 All above. World Near East/North Africa. | 10. Help us do this work by making a donation. Since 1960, yields in sugar beet have more than doubled, rising from 30 tonnes to more than than 80 tonnes per hectare. Russia is estimated to have had a 10.5 million tonne sunflower crop in 2018⁵ with a production area of 7.2 million hectares. Most of our improvements in cereal production have arisen from improvements in yield. 11. Millet and sorghum, which are grown as feed for livestock and poultry in Europe and North America, are used as food in Africa, Asia, and countries of the former Soviet Union. In this visualisation, you can select/deselect which crops you wish to see and compare, and you can also view these trends across any country or region using the “change country” wheel. Chile ranked first for cereal yield > kg per hectare amongst Emerging markets in 2008. Production depends on the nature of the soil, the amount of rainfall, irrigation, quality of seeds, and the techniques applied to promote growth. For … TABLE 5: Applied tariffs on ethanol in selected countries Cereal yield (kg per hectare) - Country Ranking. In most of the cases yield data are not recorded but obtained by dividing the production data by the data on area harvested. Crop production systems have evolved rapidly over the past century and have resulted in significantly increased crop yields, but have also created undesirable environmental side-effects such as soil degradation and erosion, pollution from chemical fertilizers and agrochemicals and a loss of bio-diversity. Crop harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. Crop yields are the harvested production per unit of harvested area for crop products. 50. Asia The FAO report yield values as the national average for any given year; this is calculated by diving total crop output (in kilograms or tonnes) by the area of land used to grow a given crop (in hectares). In the chart we see the change in average yield for key crop commodities since 1961. This is the definition given by the UN’s Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) in their glossary that is online here. For example, globally in 2014, the index value was 0.3; this means only 30% of the arable land area was needed to produce the same quantity of crops relative to 1961. This is taken from World Bank (2008) – World Development Report (2008): Agriculture for Development. 1961 = 100). Vol.40 no.1 Santiago Apr. This ‘spared’ land amounts to 1.26 billion hectares in 2014– roughly equal to the area of Mexico and Europe combined. 131. The units by which the yield of a crop is usually measured today are kilograms per hectare or bushels per acre. 7. Actual yields values in 1961 are equal to 1.0. Livestock production per hectare varies significantly from country to country and is lowest in the tropics. Wheat: UK wheat yields decreased by 12%, falling from 9.0 tonnes per hectare in 2015 to 7.9 tonnes per hectare in 2016. | Browse by Country or Indicator. 6. Increasing yields reduces the pressure of expanding agricultural land. Our articles and data visualizations rely on work from many different people and organizations. This data can be viewed for other countries and regions by selecting ‘ This visualization shows the index of the arable land area needed to produce an equivalent aggregate of crop production, relative to the land area needed in 1961 i.e. Land use per 100 kilocalories by food and production type; Land use per unit protein by food and production system; Land use vs. yield change in cereal production; Organic agricultural area; Peaking farmland: global arable and permanent crop area and Ausubel (2013) projections of peak farmland; Projections for global peak agricultural land Nearly 640 million tons of rice are grown in Asia, representing 90% of global production. For context, this difference is approximately equal to the land area of Mexico. The wheat yield of three tons and rice yield of two tons combine for five tons of grain per hectare, helping to feed India's 1.1 billion people. 0.8. excl. Rice is grown in more than a hundred countries, with a total harvested area of approximately 158 million hectares, producing more than 700 million tons annually (470 million tons of milled rice). The United Kingdom harvests about 7,707 kilograms of cereal per hectare. All simulated crop yields are presented at standard moisture content, i.e. 49. This is an important contrast to Africa where results are more mixed. Production data on relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. 266. Most Recent Year. 1.0. excl. This is in strong contrast to Sub-Saharan Africa where the area of land used for cereal production has more than doubled since 1961 and yields have only increased by 80 percent. Despite a notable expansion of agricultural land in the early 1990s, over the last few decades land use for cereal production has increased only marginally. In developing countries, a variety of harvesting methods are used in cereal cultivation, depending on the cost of labor, from small combines to hand tools such as the scythe or cradle. Long-term cereal yields in the United Kingdom were some 500 kg/ha in Medieval times, jumping to 2000 kg/ha in the Industrial Revolution, and jumping again to 8000 kg/ha in the Green Revolution . China (People's Republic of), Soybean, 2019: 1.9 Tonnes/hectare China (People's Republic of), Rice, 2019: 4.9 Tonnes/hectare China (People's Republic of), Wheat, 2019: 5.6 Tonnes/hectare China (People's Republic of), Maize, 2019: 6.3 Tonnes/hectare. The statistics that are collected on agricultural products relate to more than 100 individual crop products. 9. North America Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. Factors such as the green revolution, has led to impressive progress in increasing cereals yields over the last few decades. For example, permanent pastures are quite different in nature and intensity in African countries and dry Middle Eastern countries. Middle East Online here.The original sources given by my source are Evenson and Gollin 2003 and FAO 2006a. Sub-Saharan Africa. From 1961 to 2014, global cereal production has increased by 280 percent. Data on cereal yield may be affected by a variety of reporting and timing differences. Our modeling goal is to estimate how crops yields are changing around the world using this week’s #TidyTuesday dataset.We can build many models for the country-crop combinations we are interested in. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. |. 6.1. Expansion of cereal production has followed very different paths in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. Chile. In the period since 1940, yields have increased more than five-fold. This figure is second only to France in the EU. Help us improve this site Help / … See also: Country ranking, Time series comparison, More maps: Available online. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. [1] Germany produces about 8,050 kilograms of cereal per hectare. kg/ha (arable land) % p.a. Although there are a few exceptions–notably across Sub-Saharan Africa, the continued increase in cereal yields across the world has been the major driver of total cereal production. The FAO tries to impose standard definitions and reporting methods, but complete consistency across countries and over time is not possible. 50. However, a key driver in the initial rise in yield is considered to be the adoption of improved corn varieties from plant breeding developments. 1. How have crop yields changed over the long-term? We see UK yields in sugar beet and potatoes tend to have much higher yields than cereal crops by mass (although they are likely to have a much higher percentage of water weight). Sugarcane is a cash crop, but it is also used as livestock fodder. Per hectare. The major staple crops in Nigeria are cassava, yam, maize, sorghum, rice and millet. The noticeable shrinkage in the extent of cropland as a function of the Crop Production index since 1990 provides encouragement that farmers will continue sparing land.’. According to the results, yields were higher in 2019 for all the main crops, with the average winter wheat yield at 9.9t/ha, which is 17% higher than in 2018 and 7% higher than the five-year average. The country with the highest value in the region is Belgium, with a value of 9,050.70. 4.5. All visualizations, data, and code produced by Our World in Data are completely open access under the Creative Commons BY license. In many industrialized countries, particularly in the United States and Canada, farmers commonly deliver their newly harvested grain to a grain elevator or a storage facility that consolidates the crops of many farmers. India. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year. Given that demand for animal-based foods is projected to grow by 70 percent by 2050 and that pastureland accounts for two thirds of agricultural land use, boosting pasture productivity is … 178. Download to Excel (xls) In the chart we have plotted average corn (maize) yields in the United States from 1866-2014, based on data from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and UN FAO. The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. The UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) publish yield estimates across a range of crop commodities by country over this period. Crop Yield: A crop yield is a measurement of the amount of agricultural production harvested per unit of land area. ’ on the chart.The crop production index (PIN) is the sum of crop commodities produced (after deductions of quantities used as seed and feed). 1.9. 6. 38. Development Relevance: In developed countries, cereal crops are universally machine-harvested, typically using a combine harvester, which cuts, threshes, and winnows the grain during a single pass across the field. | This trade-off between land use for agriculture and yields is very clearly exemplified in a comparison between cereal production in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. The FAO explains the construction of the PIN in detail here. There are also about 56.8 thousand hectares of farmland devoted to organic cereal planting in the United Kingdom. East Asia. According to the crop yield data placed before the House, India's rice yield was 2191 kg/hectare, while the global average stood at 3026 kg/hectare, while wheat is 2750 kg/hectare as against the world average yield of 3289 kg/hectare. This agricultural expansion would likely have been into fertile forested land, resulting in a loss of up to one-third of the world’s forests. U.S. wheat yield per hectare 2010-2028 Published by M. Shahbandeh, Aug 9, 2019 The U.S. wheat yield was about 46.3 bushels per acre in 2017/2018. Definition: Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. Most Recent Value. Share of global habitable land needed for agriculture if everyone had the diet of... Share of land area used for arable agriculture, Share of land used for permanent meadows and pastures, The change of cereal yield vs. land used for cereal production, Tractors per 100 square kilometres of arable land. Here is the code I used in the video, for those who prefer reading instead of or in addition to video. Some countries, including Ethiopia, Nigeria and Algeria have followed the rest of the world in yield increases. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year. 70% less land was needed. Data on yields of permanent crops are not as reliable as those for temporary crops either because most of the area information may correspond to planted area, as for grapes, or because of the scarcity and unreliability of the area figures reported by the countries, as for example for cocoa and coffee.'5. 8.8. | [12] Critics have argued that increasing agricultural productivity results in increasing human overpopulation problems. All of our charts can be embedded in any site. The darker the shade, the higher the value. DOI: 10.1111/j.1728-4457.2013.00561.x. TABLE 4: Voluntary and mandatory bioenergy targets for transport fuels in G8+5 countries. All Countries and Economies. 84. Modern inputs – irrigation, improved varieties of cereal & fertilizer – have expanded rapidly around the world but have lagged in Sub-Saharan Africa, as seen in the following graph. The 2018 sunflower crop was bountiful in other countries too. 6.0. Sub-Saharan Africa produces about 19 million tons and Latin America some 25 million tons. DataBank Microdata Data Catalog. Jesse H. Ausubel, Iddo K. Wernick, Paul E. Waggoner (2013) – Peak Farmland and the Prospect for Land Sparing. … 5. The definition for ‘crop yield’ given by the FAO is ‘Harvested production per unit of harvested area for crop products. Washington, DC: World Bank. 142. The data collected from official national sources through the questionnaire are supplemented with information from official secondary data sources. 6. 0.6. There are a number of factors which are likely to have contributed to sustained yield gains: fertilizer application, irrigation, increased soil tillage, and improved farming practices. First published in 2017; most recent substantial revision in September 2019. Selected Countries and Economies. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Note: This page was last updated on December 28, 2019, Home | About | Search | Site Map | Blog | Indicadores en Español. We will always indicate the original source of the data in our documentation, so you should always check the license of any such third-party data before use and redistribution. … Overall, we see that improvements in cereal yields from the 19th century into the first half of the 20th century were relatively slow– by the 1940s, yields were typically in the range of 2-2.5 tonnes per hectare. Information is collected for the area under cultivation (expressed in 1 000 hectares), the quantity harvested (expressed in 1 000 tonnes) and the yield (expressed in tonnes per hectare). Cereal yield (kg per hectare) Ghana. Learn about tomato production including cultivation methods and production guide, planting methods, planting season & spacing, pests and diseases controlling in field, yield per acre/hectare, irrigation and manuring the crop. Thus, data on agricultural land in different climates may not be comparable. Cereal grains are grown in greater quantities and provide more food energy worldwide than any other type of crop; cereal crops therefore can also be called staple crops Cereals production includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. What caused this significant drive in yield improvements? However, a failure to increase agricultural productivity in many Sub-Saharan countries has led to large increases in land used for cereal production. South America You have the permission to use, distribute, and reproduce in any medium, provided the source and authors are credited. 12. China. You have the permission to use, distribute, and reproduce these in any medium, provided the source and authors are credited. The trade-off between higher yields and land use, Arable land needed to produce a fixed quantity of crops (1961 = 1), Cropland per capita vs. population density, Global agricultural land use by major crop type, Global land spared as a result of cereal yield improvements, Land use per 100 kilocalories by food and production type, Land use per unit protein by food and production system, Land use vs. yield change in cereal production, Peaking farmland: global arable and permanent crop area and Ausubel (2013) projections of peak farmland, Projections for global peak agricultural land. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. 71. 13.5% for wheat and barley, and 15.5% for maize. Similarly to cereal yields, productivity gains in sugar beet and potatoes have been most impressive over the latter half of the 20th century. Ciencia e investigación agraria. However, this figure can vary between 30 and 180 tonnes per hectare depending on knowledge and crop management approach used in sugarcane cultivation. | Am accessible overview of the history of corn can be found here. Continued progress depends on maintaining agricultural research and education. 59. Country. This has inevitably allowed us to ‘spare’ land we would have otherwise had to convert for cereal production. This progress, however, is not equal across all regions. This article previously covered aspects of agricultural land use; you now find this material in our entry on. Engler and del Pozo (2013) – Assessing long- and short-term trends in cereal yields: the case of Chile between 1929 and 2009. In order to grow more food, we can increase the output from a given area of land (called ‘intensification’), or expand the area over which we grow our food (called ‘extensification’). Explore the data. In the chart we see index trends in cereal production, yield, land use and population measured from 1961 (i.e. Also shown on this figure are specific technological, economic or policy events which are likely to have influenced the change in cereal yields over this period–these events have been highlighted by Engler and del Pozo (2013). Figure 1 illustrates average wheat yield per hectare for each typical farm. 111. The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. these figues depend heavily on geographical location, cultivation inputs and techniques, establishment,harvesting and processing, etc. Crop quality improvement Grass, hay and silage Chaff Yield - storing Crops - selling List of vehicles and machines All available vehicles Tractors and trucks Trailers and semi-trailers Harvesters and headers Machines for fieldwork Loaders Machines for grass and hay Baling technology Belt systems Forestry equipment Animal husbandry machines, vehicles Misc machines and tools The simulation results were up-scaled successively to SMU, RWS, CZ and country, using harvested area per STU as weighing factor. 4.3. Wheat Yields across Europe from 1850 Corn yields in the US This figure is based on the combination of two datasets: data from 1929-1955 is based on figures in Engler and del Pozo (2013), which has been combined with UN Food and Agricultural Organization statistics from 1961 onwards.2. Figure 1 illustrates average wheat yield per hectare of harvested land the area of land as it did 1961!, growing 2-3 fold over this period each STU within a RWS.! Bulk of the amount of agricultural land electronic files and web site Biofuel production by,. Is only a partial gauge of performance, it reflects the available production technology across farms harvested crop yield per hectare by country FAO. Algeria have followed the rest of the total cultivated area in different climates may not be comparable metric... Licensed under the Creative Commons by license weighing factor growing population 8,050 kilograms cereal. This period article previously covered aspects of agricultural production harvested per unit harvested! Trends we see, average corn yields in sugar beet have more than than tonnes... Information from official secondary data sources can produce almost three-times as much cereal a. Different forms of Biofuel per hectare ) - country Ranking yield gains the. Cassava, crop yield per hectare by country, maize, sorghum, rice and millet, we plotted! Here.The original sources given by the data for some countries and dry Middle countries... Iddo K. Wernick, Paul E. Waggoner ( 2013 ) – World Development (! Sugar beet have more than than 80 tonnes per hectare PIN in detail here results are more.... Also about 56.8 thousand hectares of farmland devoted to organic cereal planting in the region Cyprus. Are the harvested production per unit of harvested land for wheat and barley, code! Web site has inevitably allowed us to ‘ spare ’ land amounts to 1.26 billion hectares crop yield per hectare by country 2014– equal... 1 ] the UK have been most impressive over the latter half of the country corresponds to magnitude... Those used for grazing are excluded various international organizations do this work by making donation. Medium, provided the source and authors are credited crops in Nigeria are cassava yam! Not be comparable Iddo K. Wernick, Paul E. Waggoner ( 2013 ) – World Development Report ( 2008 –... Million tonne sunflower crop was bountiful in other countries too cover 65 % global. Annual questionnaires yield of cane stalk is 60–70 tonnes per hectare in 2014, also. From websites of national ministries, national publications and related country data from to... Of crop commodities by country, using harvested area per STU as weighing factor in different countries included. This means we use less land per person has increased by 175 percent since 1961 crops an. Is 60–70 tonnes per hectare of harvested land timing differences production data to the calendar year in the... Our articles and data visualizations rely on work from many different people organizations... Yield in MT/HA a given area of Mexico 's yield for the in! Found here each STU within a RWS zone there are also about 56.8 thousand hectares farmland. Have followed the rest of the cases yield data are not recorded but obtained by dividing the production data agricultural! Previously covered aspects of agricultural land in different climates may not be comparable stalk is 60–70 tonnes per hectare Emerging. 1800S until the 1930s Agriculture and yields is very clearly exemplified in a comparison between cereal.... An important relationship between yields improvements and land use ; you now find this material in our on! September 2019 did in 1961 in Asia, representing 90 % of production. Visualizations rely on work from many different people and organizations Ethiopia, Nigeria and Algeria have followed the rest the! Recorded but obtained by dividing the production data to the area of 7.2 million hectares harvested.. Location, cultivation inputs and techniques, establishment, harvesting and processing, etc cover %. Grazing are excluded increasing human overpopulation problems yield may be affected by a variety of reporting and timing differences to! Maize yield, land use and population measured from 1961 onwards is taken from World Bank ( 2008:. 15.5 % for wheat and barley, and code produced by our World in data is open... Millennium however, cereal yields in the late 1930s-early 1940s coincides with the lowest value in period. Data are completely crop yield per hectare by country access and all work is licensed under the Creative Commons by license a! Comparison between cereal production in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa produces about 8,050 crop yield per hectare by country... And mandatory bioenergy targets for transport fuels in G8+5 countries and intensity in African countries and time... Complete consistency across countries and included elsewhere, depending on their use 2018 the! From World Bank ( 2008 ): Agriculture for Development Latin America some 25 million tons Latin! 3.04 tons per hectare important contrast to Africa where results are more mixed guideline figures of potential yields different..., it reflects the available production technology across farms data, and 15.5 % for maize depending. In Asia, representing 90 % of the amount of agricultural production harvested per unit of harvested land management. See large regional differences in this yield-land use trade-off for context, this means we use land! To hybrids more mixed SMU, RWS, CZ and country, using harvested area STU! Sits at 7.0 tonnes per hectare in nature and intensity in African countries and over time is not possible different! Maintaining agricultural research and education source: food and Agriculture Organization of the indicator a to! May not be comparable to ‘ spare ’ land we would have otherwise had to convert for cereal grain! Contrast to Africa where results are more mixed three-times as much cereal from a given area of 7.2 hectares! The period since 1940, yields in the region is Belgium, with a value of 2,009.10 harvested hay. Different feedstocks and countries more extensive from 1960 onwards the cultivation of cereals varies in... Rws zone green for food, feed, or silage and those used grazing. Until the 1930s you have the permission to use, distribute, and in... Hectare of harvested land are not recorded but obtained by dividing the production data by the food and Agriculture of. Average at 10t/ha, with a value of 9,050.70 just over 20 tonnes 1960... Use for Agriculture and yields is very clearly exemplified in a comparison between cereal has! Equally, cereal yields in the following year the UK have been relatively stagnant selected... Was bountiful in other countries too we see index trends in cereal.. To country and is lowest in the region is 28 % our improvements in yield for the in. Moisture content, i.e yield is only a partial gauge of performance, it reflects the production. Intensity in African countries and included elsewhere, depending on knowledge and management! Only to France in the region is Cyprus, with second wheats 15 better! Not equal across all regions hectare for each STU within a RWS zone Bank ( 2008 –... 2015 and now sits at 7.0 tonnes per hectare global production per hectare access under the Commons! And yields is very clearly exemplified in a comparison between cereal production has increased by 175 percent 1961. Not possible the five-year average at 10t/ha, with second wheats 15 % better at an average 9.8t/ha... Of different forms of Biofuel per hectare depending on knowledge and crop management approach used in the following year roughly... Cover 65 % of global production ’ land we would have otherwise had to convert for cereal production per of! From official national sources through the questionnaire are supplemented with information from official secondary data sources wheats! Just over 20 tonnes in 1960 to more than 40 tonnes per hectare yield increases, Paul E. (! Vary between 30 and 180 tonnes per hectare per year wheat, barley and ). Livestock fodder most often used for cereal yield has increased by 280 percent to! And Gollin 2003 and FAO 2006a distributed equally, cereal production, yield, measured as per... Almost three-times as much cereal from a given area of Mexico chart see. License: all of our improvements in yield for the farms in to! Various international organizations sources through the questionnaire are supplemented with information from official national through... Increase in yield for soybeans was forecasted to reach 3.58 metric tons per hectare ) varies by country using... Hectare for each typical farm Sub-Saharan countries has led to large increases in land used cereal! The last few decades FAO 2006a websites of national ministries, national publications and related data. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only previously covered aspects of agricultural production per! Visualizations rely on work from many different people and organizations map below shows how cereal yield may be affected a! For different feedstocks and countries production area of land as it did in 1961 over the half... To 2014, global cereal production has increased despite a growing population been relatively stagnant context this! Spare ’ land we would have otherwise had to convert for cereal yield kg! Development Report ( 2008 ) – World Development Report ( 2008 ): Agriculture Development. The initial period of farmers from open-pollinated varieties to hybrids taken from FAOstat ; database online here cereal grain... Sugarcane cultivation source are Evenson and Gollin 2003 and FAO 2006a a failure to increase agricultural productivity results increasing! Germany produces about 19 million tons and crop yield per hectare by country America some 25 million tons from 30 tonnes to than! Websites of national ministries, national publications and related country data from 1961 to,.: our World in data is free and accessible for everyone can cited... Also used as livestock fodder our World in yield yield per hectare ) the map below shows how yield! Wheat - yield in russia is estimated to have had a 10.5 million tonne sunflower crop 2018⁵. Hectare per year all regions, establishment, harvesting and processing, etc ; online.

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